Nigerian e-mail Advance Fee Fraud.
I have over fifty different such e-mail and one day will put them
all together as the concept is the same, but the stories vary from
the sender to the situation.
A person, company, wife, relative, son, daughter sends out an unsolicited
letter by 3e-mail from a Nigerian claiming to be a senior civil servant
or relative of the King or former dictator, etc..
In the letter, the Nigerian will inform the recipient that he is seeking
a reputable foreign company or individual into whose account he can
deposit funds ranging from $10-$60 million that the Nigerian government
overpaid on some procurement contract or money hidden by the not deceased
dictator or whatever.
The gimmick is one you are brought in, seed money needs to be deposited
to make the transfer. One business person I knew put in $40,000 and
since it was his own bank, he thought he had protection. Instead of
money being wired in, it was wired out and he was out his $40,000.